Annette Garrou, RN, MSN, a member of the Grace Hospital School of Nursing Alumni Association, presented a program on the role of nursing during the American Revolution. The study was done in conjunction with the Masons’ involvement during that same time period.
According to research, there was no organized nursing at that time in history. Prior to the 1600s, care of the sick and injured was done by Catholic nuns. It was not until the 1800s when Florence Nightingale, graduate of a nursing care program in Germany, became actively involved with the nursing schools in the United States and organized nursing began.
At the age of 33 years old, Nightingale developed Crimean fever and became bed ridden. She continued, however, to organize and establish schools of nursing from her bedside until her death at the age of 90 years old.
In addition to the Nightingale influence on nursing, Clara Barton became greatly involved with the organization and care of the sick and injured and, although she never attended nursing school, her knowledge and skills led her to the founding of the American Red Cross.
Garrou is a graduate of Glenwood High School, Grace Hospital Lenoir-Rhyne University School of Nursing and a master’s degree in Nursing Education from the University of North Carolina in Greensboro.